Teeth grinding can happen anytime during the day, it often occurs during sleep and may not know that they are doing it until their sleeping partner or dentist mentions it. It may take months, or even years, to identify this problem, Significant damages may be already done at that time. Sometimes bruxism may be a symptom of certain rare diseases of the nerves in the face. Some medicines that treat depression rarely cause bruxism.
Types of bruxisms:
Nocturnal bruxism(sleep-related bruxism):
Some people grind their teeth only in sleep time. This is called Nocturnal bruxism.
Diurnal bruxism(Awake bruxism):
Other people grind their teeth during daytime also, it is known as diurnal bruxism. This is considered stress or anxiety related bruxism.
Symptoms of bruxism:
- Rhythmic contractions of the jaw muscles
- A dull morning headache
- A grinding sound at night, which may disturb the sleep of someone who shares a bedroom with you
- Long-lasting pain in the face
- Painful jaw joint
- Swelling (occasionally)
- Damaged teeth, broken dental fillings, and injured gums
- Teeth are fractured, chipped, loose or flat
- Teeth become sensitive to hot, cold and sweets
Behavioral therapies and counseling:
If teeth grinding is due to the stress or anxiety stress reduction techniques can be initiated.
Mouth guard or Mouth splint:
The sensation of clenching or grinding the teeth can be reduced by using a mouth guard. It helps to reduce the pain and prevent tooth wear.
Muscle-relaxation exercises and sleep hygiene
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